ESS homework - historical overview of the modern environmental movement


- historical influence on the development of modern environmental movement

chief Seattle’s message

  • modern environmental movement - originated in the 1960s
  • effect for the environment by human - evident long before
  • the movements did not give rise to widespread activism
  • we must historically look back the environmental events and disasters in the past
  • impacts and a the responsibility of individuals and groups of individuals, governments and the UN to these impacts.
  • how did they catalyse their movement to a widespread movement?
  • philosophy - think about sustainable supply to maintain humankind
  • we should conserve the nature unconditionally for its spiritual value

who should involved in the environmental movement?
  • majority of people in the world do not spend much time focusing on environmental issue unless it is brought to their attention or affects them directly.

what can be catalyst for the environmental movements?
  • influential individuals - media publications ; commonly rise issues and start the debate.
  • independent pressure groups - awareness campaign (e.g Greenpeace “save wales”)
  • corporate businesses - MN-Cs(multi national corporation), TN-Cs(transitional corporations) ; using resources and creating environmental impact
  • governments - make policy decision including environmental bills, meet with other governments to consider international agreements.
  • intergovernmental bodies - such as UN - highly influential in more recent times by holding Earth Summit to bring together governments.

- the growth of the modern environmental movement in outline
  • Neolithic agricultural revolution

- 10000 ago ; hunting and gathering to agricultural
- managing local resource (food, water, fuel) sustainably from around the settlement

  • industrial revolution

- about 200 years ago ; escalated the population growth, burnt large amount of fuels in the form of trees.
  • Green revolution

- the 1940s to the 1960s
- mechanized agriculture and boosted food production massively but required the building of machinery and large amount of fossil.